| December 7, 2015

Paul Kammerer said that by breeding midwife toads in water he had found that the males developed nuptual pads, supporting, in his view, the Lamarkian model of adaptation. Supposing his observation was correct, an alternative hypothesis that would need to be excluded is:

a) heterozygous advantage
b) the inheritance of acquired characters

c) adaptive phenotypic plasticity

d) blending inheritance
e) none – his interpretation was correct

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Category: Biology

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