| December 7, 2015

Please describe the normal events that take place during innervation at the neuromuscular junction which lead to contraction of skeletal muscle. 2) Botulinum toxin which is a neurotoxin is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. This bacterium does not need oxygen to grow and reproduce therefore it can live quiet well in a sealed can or jar. Most cases of botulism are linked to improper canning or storing procedures, followed by failure to cook the food adequately before it is consumed. Home-canned tuna or beets, smoked fish, and cold soups are the foods most commonly linked to botulism. Recently botulinum toxin, which is more commonly known by its brand name �Botox� is being used in very dilute concentrations to paralyze muscles temporarily in hopes of suppressing facial wrinkles. Based on your knowledge of mechanism of muscle contraction (ie, innervation at the neuromuscular junction) and affects of botulinum toxin, please describe what events take place once this toxin is introduce to your muscular system. In addition, describe at least one way in which you can treat an individual who has been exposed to botulinum toxin.

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Category: Biology

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