Data Analysis In Public Health Promotion Programs

| May 6, 2015

Data Analysis In Public Health Promotion Programs

QUESTION 1
TOPIC: Using CDC Wonder Site to Analyze Data
INSTRUCTIONS: COMPLETE THE THREE SET OF STEPS AND COMPLETE THE SUMMARY AT THE END THIS EXERCISE. (BE OBSERVANT! WRITE NOTES AS NEEDED)
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY!
For this assignment, use the CDC Wonder Web site (http://wonder.cdc.gov/ ) to analyze data.
You can create tables and figures containing valuable information through this Web site.
Complete the following:
1. Go to the CDC Wonder Web site (link given in the Resources).
2. On the home page, click the Detailed Mortality link. This will allow you access to CDC’s nationwide mortality data.
3. Click I agree on the following screen. You are now able to analyze CDC’s data using its Web site.
4. Under 1. Organize Table Layout section, group the results by state.
5. Leave fields 2, 3, 4, and 5 as they are, but take notice of the various options provided.
6. Under 6. Select Cause of Death section, select ICD-10 113 Cause List.
7. Select Diabetes Mellitus (E10-E14) from the drop-down list.
8. Under 7. Select Rate Options section, calculate rates per 100,000, but leave Section 8 as is.
9. After the form is complete, click Send to view the results.
10. This table will present crude death rates by diabetes mellitus per 100,000 people.
11. Sort the table by this rate to determine where your state (CALIFORNIA) falls and determine its rank and crude death rate.
12. Then, click the Map tab to view crude death rates throughout the country. Take notice of any patterns.
13. Then, click the Chart tab.
14. Click Chart Options and change the chart to a vertical plot, and determine the states with the highest and lowest crude death
rates by diabetes mellitus.
After you have completed all of the above steps:
1. Click the Request Form tab to go back to the request form.
2. Repeat all of the above steps, except under 7. Select Rate Options, select Use standard age-adjusted rates and 95% Confidence
Interval.
3. Now, determine your state’s (CALIFORNIA) ranking as you did previously, as well as adjusted death rate and 95% confidence interval
(CI). Also, view the age-adjusted data using the Map and Chart tabs. Make notice of any differences.
4. Return to the Request Form one more time.
5. Under 1. Organize Table Layout section, group the results by race.
6. Under 2. Select Location section, select States and choose your state (CALIFORNIA) from the menu.
7. Leave the rest of the form as it was previously.
8. Examine this data to determine mortality from diabetes mellitus in your state by race.
9. Determine if there are disparities within your state (CALIFORNIA).
EXERCISE QUESTIONS:
Provide a summary of your findings from all three exercises (ABOVE).
Address the following points:
1. How did adjusting by age affect your results?
2. Why is it important to adjust by factors such as age?
3. How would you interpret the 95% CI that you calculated?
4. What is your opinion on whether or not disparities exist regarding diabetes mellitus mortality in your state?
5. What other factors you may want to control before concluding the existence or non-existence of disparities?
QUESTION 2
TOPIC: Data Analysis in your Public Health Promotion Program
1. Both needs assessment and evaluation data would need to be analyzed in an actual public health promotion program.
Considering that you will not be collecting needs assessment data, use the CDC Wonder Web site (http://wonder.cdc.gov/ ) to analyze
pre-existing data that may be valuable to add to your program (See needs assessment doc attached). Share your findings!
2. Next, review or read the following articles and explain a statistical test that would be valuable in evaluating your program (See
needs assessment doc attached):
• “Statistics Review 1: Presenting and summarizing Data.” (SEE ATTACHED PDF)
• “Statistics Review 3: Hypothesis Testing and P Values.” (SEE ATTACHED PDF)
• “Statistics Review 5: Comparison of Means.” (SEE ATTACHED PDF)
“Statistics Review 8: Qualitative Data – Tests of Association.” (SEE ATTACHED PDF)
3. Explain what specific variables would be compared, and why that test is appropriate. Remind your fellow learners of your project is
before addressing the specific points above.
REFERENCES:
Readings
• Read Whitley and Ball’s 2002 article, “Statistics Review 1: Presenting and summarizing Data,” from Critical Care, volume 6, issue 1,
pages 66–71.
• Read Whitley and Ball’s 2002 article, “Statistics Review 3: Hypothesis Testing and P Values,” from Critical Care, volume 6, issue 3,
pages 222–225.
• Read Whitley and Ball’s 2002 article, “Statistics Review 5: Comparison of Means,” from Critical Care, volume 6, issue 5, pages 424–
428.
• Bevick, Cheek, and Ball’s 2004 article, “Statistics Review 8: Qualitative Data – Tests of Association,” from Critical Care, volume
8, issue 1, pages 46–53.
Use the Internet to explore Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s CDC Wonder Web site for information applicable to your
project. You will also be asked to conduct data analysis using this Web site in this unit’s first assignment.
TEXT:
Fertman, C. I., & Allensworth, D. D. (Eds.). (2010). Health promotion programs: From theory to practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-
Bass.
World Health Organization. (2001). Evaluation in health promotion: Principles and perspectives. Copenhagen, DNK: WHO Regional Office
for Europe.
Deadline is sensitive!
Instructions are very sensitive!
Answers must be direct to the point and professional.
Questions must be answered according to question (topics/numbering/bullet points); Questions must be answered separately according to
question number and topic.

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