Arousal and Drives

| February 12, 2015

For this assignment, you only need to read the article to summarize. After you have summarized the article, relate it to the text and, finally, relate the overarching concept to your own life. Each piece of the assignment should take up about a 1/3 of the assignment. The paper should be about 2 pages long (double spaced, 12 point font, 1 inch margins, Times New Roman).

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1 Chapter 6: Energy, Arousal and Action Assigned reading: Pp 201 – 215; 222 – 234; & 241 – 243 (ppt covers other pages in the chapter) Arousal does not imply sexual attraction (although it can…). You can think of it as a level of awareness or alertness. 2 ANXIETY AS A DRIVE • Piano recital vs. Solo at Carnegie Hall • Free throws at a game vs. State tournament • An exam in class vs the GRE/ACT/Bar exam Spence and others have shown that anxiety can act as a drive (p204) and that minimal amounts is a good thing. However, there is a threshold in which it can be detrimental. If you are an actor and you aren’t at all nervous, you might not give as good as a performance as you would if you were a little nervous – your senses are hightened, your more aware, more cognizant and excited. However, too much and that anxiety become stage fright, possible vomiting and lack of talking. Take my high school basketball team…..we practiced free throws at practice day after day… however, during a game the anxiety is a little higher and our percentage of made free throws was slightly higher during games than during practice. However, during the state tournament with thousands of people in the stands and a state championship on the line, the anxiety (drive) was much higher and our percentage was extremely low. Another wrench in this system, however, is how well you shoot free throws to begin with. For example, Shaquille O’Neil’s (not very good at free throws) threshold between anxiety being helpful and detrimental is lower than Karl Malone’s who holds many records for free throw shooting percentages. 3 Freud’s contributions • Can be seen in folklore, myth • Dynamic unconscious Freud believed that events – behavioral and mental – reflect the summation of dynamic forces (p 220). Notice the distinction between preconscious and The Subconscious -preconscious is when you choose to not think about something anymore – you see a gross scene on t.v. and decide to NOT think about it anymore….

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